Photo from: http://www.tumblr.com/tagged/diao-chan
Diaochan (貂 蟬) is one of the four classical Chinese beauties. According to Romance of the Three Kingdoms, she was so beautiful that no man could resist her. It was this incredible beauty that was used to entangle General Lu Bu and his foster father Dong Zhuo in a love triangle that eventually led to patricide. For a fuller treatment, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diaochan .
The model above is one of many Asian "cosplay girls" who make themselves look like Japanese manga characters, many of which are based on classical Chinese literature.