31 December 2009
30 December 2009
Meanwhile, mean-faced, clipped-hair liberal twitters and bloggers express glee! Outrageous!
25 December 2009
The Fairbank Report's associate editor, Mr. Bian-lian Huang, mused that given the inability or unwillingness on the part of the authorities in Philadelphia to address the on-going attacks against Chinese and Asian students, perhaps the time is ripe to petition China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) to intervene.
"Given the continuing outrages committed against the Asian communities in South Philadelphia, it now appears that these acts of thuggery have tacit political support. It, therefore, is not unreasonable to ask the world's bravest army to intervene on humanitarian grounds." Mr. Huang noted that his is a personal comment and does not reflect the viewpoint of this Fairbank Report.
12.06.2009asian students boycotting south philly high
On Friday, school district officials met with Asian students and community leaders to address the assaults, and announced new measures -- including patrolling and counseling -- that would be implemented to prevent further violence: South Philly High students meet with officials after attacks.
I don't know about you, but I don't find these new measures all that comforting. And apparently neither do the students who attended Friday's meeting. With their concerns still unaddressed, dozens of students have committed to boycotting South Philadelphia High School this week.
Instead, the students will be spending a week working and studying on their own, as well as meeting with community and district leaders. They will meet at a Chinatown location during school hours. Student leaders have requested that police and school district officials respect students' ability to travel during this time:
Statement by Wei Chen, president, South Philadelphia High School Chinese American Student AssociationCan you blame these students for taking refuge elsewhere? Many of these students actually moved to the United States from Asia for a chance at a better education, only to find themselves under constant threat of violence. It's absolutely ridiculous that it's come to this, that a school cannot protect its own students.
It is our opinion that South Philadelphia High School is still not a safe place for us. Because we are Asian immigrants, we are targeted. We have been working with the school a long time, but still the school has failed to provide a concrete plan to address our safety inside and outside the building.
We remain very upset with some staff members who are unresponsive to our concerns. We have been saying repeatedly that the security team has problems, but the School District still has not responded to our concerns. One staff person even slept through our meeting last Friday.
Because of that we will not return to South Philadelphia High School this week. Instead, we are going to meet in our community to figure out some real solutions of our own. Dozens of students have already committed to meeting during school hours. We ask the police and school district to recognize what we're doing and respect our ability to travel between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m.
We invite concerned students from all races to contact us if you want to join.
Wei Chen, president
South Philadelphia High School Chinese-American Student Association
I am still completely baffled by the school district's insistence that these attacks are not racially motivated. How is this possible? So they're saying that every kid that's been on the receiving end of an attack just happens to be Asian? And the attacks are totally at random? You've got to be kidding me.
Students have put out a call for assistance for Mandarin and Vietnamese translators and for contributions to help pay for the cost of transportation as well as meals during the walkout. Contributions may be sent to Philadelphia Chinatown Development Corporation (215-922-6056) or Asian Americans United (215-925-1538).
Still, this is only a temporary action. I suggest keeping the pressure on the school district, as well as the greater Philadelphia community, by utilizing the contact information below. Even you aren't local, it will demonstrate that this issue is getting national attention, and the students are drawing support from even further out than just Philadelphia. Contact:
Comprehensive High School Regional Sueprintendent
The School District of Philadelphia
3133 Ridge Avenue
Philadelphia, PA 19132
Here's contact information for South Philadelphia High School:
South Philadelphia High School
2101 South Broad Street
Philadelphia PA 19148
Here's general contact information for the school district:
The School District of Philadelphia
440 N. Broad Street
Philadelphia PA 19130
Here contact info for the school board and the mayor:
School Reform Commission
Superintendent Arlene Ackerman, Commissioners Robert Archie, Johnny Irizarry, Joseph Dworetzky, David Girard-DiCarlo, and Denise Armbrister.
Emails (cc all of them): email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Mayor Michael Nutter
cc: firstname.lastname@example.org (City Ed Secretary), email@example.com
He considers himself an education mayor, and it would be good for him to know that this problem has reached concerned folks from all over the country.
Finally, letters to the editor are helpful as well:
300 words max, please sign with name, full address, email and a reachable phone number (not for publication) - but they will call you on that number and require you to verify your letter - and, if you wish, an email that you would allow to be printed.
Philadelphia Daily News
Usually shorter, 200 words, same thing as above for signing.
Philadelphia Public School Noteboook
OUTRAGE: GHETTO THUGS ATTACKED ASIAN HONORS STUDENTS! "CIVIL RIGHTS" LEADERS SILENT ON THE ATTACK!!!
Source: Associated Press
26 Asian High School Students Attacked
Police Have Not Yet Made Arrests
PHILADELPHIA - More than two dozen Chinese-American students at South Philadelphia High School say they were attacked this week in school and off of school property.
Now, officials have added more security at the school, located at Broad Street and Snyder Avenue, and they're promising zero tolerance.
A heavy police presence was evident as officials denounced the violence that saw 26 students attacked and 10 students suspended for the fights. Several students were treated at the hospital after the attacks.
Officials say they've been working with the Asian-American community and other groups at the school over the past year to try and quell some of the hostility. They say violence is down over 50 percent from last year.
South Philadelphia High School says they will continue to have tight security and hold an open dialogue with students and their parents as they try to avoid any further violence.
Police have not made any arrests, but officials said they will seek to have any students involved in the attacks prosecuted.
Fox 29's Dave Schratwieser said the students are living in fear and afraid to go back to school, even with the additional security measures.
James Golden is the chief safety executive for the Philadelphia School District. He says there have been strenuous efforts to improve race relations and cultural awareness and a positive learning environment previals.
But Xu Lin of the Philadelphia Chinatown Development Corporation disputes that. He says his efforts to facilitate community meetings and cultural training at the school have been largely ignored.
South Philadelphia High School is 70 percent black and 18 percent Asian. It serves mostly low-income neighborhoods south of downtown and has been labeled "persistently dangerous" by the state.
19 December 2009
THE LATINIZATION OF THIS ONCE MIGHTY REPUBLIC ASSURES THE DEMISE OF THE UNITED STATES AS A CONSEQUENTIAL POWER. CHARACTERISTICS OF LATINIZATION INCLUDE:
- LOW ACHIEVEMENTS
- HIGH BIRTH RATES
- TOUCHY-FEELY PUBLIC POLICIES
- EROSION OF THE MIDDLE CLASS IN FAVOR OF A SMALL ELITE CLASS AND A MASSIVE CLASS OF LAZY, WHINING BUMS
- HIGH OBESITY RATES
- LARGE GOVERNMENT
- SI, SE PUEDE
- CHICKENS AND GOATS IN THE MIDDLE OF LOS ANGELES
02 December 2009
Can't you tell that your humble associate editor has recently been dumped by a hot Korean chick?!
25 November 2009
Yet, political correctness led to the first terrorist attack on US soil since 9/11 (Fort Hood massacre).
Wake up doofus!
We miss George W. Bush. He kept us safe.
21 November 2009
Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner, one of the youngest United States treasury secretaries, should step down. After 11 months in office, following a controversial confirmation hearing -- in which it was discovered that Geithner had failed to pay federal income taxes for years -- the U.S. economy suffers from the highest unemployment rate in 30 years and the largest budget deficit in the history of the Republic.
Moreover, under Geithner's watch, the greenback has continued to plunge in value amidst a surge in world opinion for an alternative international currency. Many in Congress have also lost confidence in the Treasury Secretary.
Fresh leadership in the Department of the Treasury, even if only for symbolic and psychological reasons, is urgently needed for the sake of the country and indeed for that of the Obama Administration.
07 November 2009
29 October 2009
24 October 2009
October 10, 2009
INSIGHT: BY SEAH CHIANG NEE
EDUCATED Singaporeans who consider their spoken English as world-ranking have been jolted by a controversy over a beauty queen’s interview.
The centre of the storm was 19-year-old Miss Singapore World 2009 Ris Low, who shocked Singaporeans by speaking in dismal English, with poor diction as well as mispronunciations.
More controversy: Low has now sparked a debate about the state of English in Singapore. Ironically, it coincided with the government’s annual Speak Good English campaign that began nine years ago.
Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew believes that Singaporeans need to speak standard grammatical English to allow them to plug into the global economy.
In her interview, Low spoke in a mix of local pidgin English that was splattered with slurred or mispronounced words.
She would say “preens” instead of prints, “rad” (for red), “pis” (piece) and “begini” (bikini), and used a distorted word “boomz” to describe a glamorous outfit.
Critics also say her answers were contradictory and of low quality, leading to calls to stop her representing Singapore in a televised international event.
(Low, however, will not compete for world glory in South Africa, where she would have to face tough questions in a live worldwide broadcast. She withdrew after her conviction for credit card fraud became public.)
“Her English is atrocious. She can’t even speak a proper sentence,” said one of the 100,000 viewers who watched the recorded interview online.
“It will disgrace our country. The world will think that all Singaporean girls speak like that,” said another critic.
The angry discussions soon took on a national dimension. A reporter wrote: “(It) triggered a storm of online debate, complete with hand-wringing over Singapore’s education system (and) the state of intelligence of today’s youth ...”.
Some writers rallied to her defence, saying the criticism was overblown.
Low, they say, is no more than a product of Singapore’s education system; she talks the way many educated Singaporeans do, including graduates.
She has a very Singaporean background. She hails from a Mandarin-speaking family, grew up in the heartland and attended a neighbourhood school. Now, her mangled English and poor communication skill have became a national issue.
Goh Eck Kheng, chairman of the Speak Good English Movement, told the Straits Times that Singaporeans should be the last people to be mocking her.
“How many people are you laughing at, if you laugh at Ms Low?” he asked.
Another official, Jennifer Yin, reportedly said: “Lots of Singaporeans speak this way. She is not unusual.”
So, if many of the nation’s youths, even graduates, speak like Low, why single her out?
Singaporeans were last week like a community looking at itself in the mirror and seeing one problem: deteriorating language skills in a place that is renowned for its education standards.
“Most of us are competent in neither English nor Mandarin,” said a community representative. “We have become a nation of half buckets, as the Chinese saying goes.”
“We only have to open our ears in food centres, shopping malls and school canteens, and we get a constant aural assault of sub-standard English and Mandarin,” one letter stated.
While the republic’s secondary schools rank top three in the world in Science and Maths, its level of English is below par. Many teachers and students speak a casual, sub-standard language. Misspellings are widespread.
“I often hear train station employees, TV presenters and newscasters stumbling over their sentences and digging themselves into holes of garbled grammar,” a newspaper reader observed.
This has been aggravated by two factors.
First, the extensive use of short handphone messages or email that routinely ignore capital letters, drop verbs and shorten words — a virtual sub-language.
Second, the massive, rapid inflow of foreigners from different countries who bring with them their own languages (and dialects) has diluted Singapore’s own.
The demographic changes are causing a dent not only on Singapore’s English-speaking skills but also on the national language policy itself.
This calls for the use of English as the common lingua among the races as well as for business and work, but the various mother tongues — Malay, Mandarin or Tamil — are encouraged to be used at home.
Many Singaporeans speak a local patois of ungrammatical English with a sprinkling of Hokkien and Malay words that foreigners cannot comprehend.
Many people are against eradicating Singlish because it is a part of Singapore’s identity but concede that it should not be used when dealing with foreigners or in business.
“I need Singlish to express a Singaporean feeling,” said Catherine Lim, a prominent novelist who switches easily from one level of English to another.
For the broad majority like Low, however, who lack the basic grounding, switching is almost impossible and they are stuck with a half-baked language.
o Seah Chiang Nee is a veteran journalist and editor of the information website littlespeck.com
18 October 2009
God has been very generous to Asian girls. He gives them both beauty and brains. It's not an exaggeration to say that the average Asian girl today looks just like the student above.
Jealous and frustrated barbarians have, in recent months, killed Annie Le of Yale University and attempted to kill an un-named Asian female student at Young Hall at UCLA. Our beautiful and smart Asian girls are under attack. Yet, authorities stand idly by.
28 September 2009
24 September 2009
19 September 2009
MARIKA DOBBINThe Age, Australia
September 19, 2009
NICK Johnstone is a man on a mission. Next week, the Brighton estate agent will fly to Shanghai with the aim of selling 30 of Melbourne's most expensive homes to Chinese buyers.
It will be the first time a Melbourne agency has attended the China International Luxury Property Show, but it is just one example of a phenomenon that has transformed Australia's residential market.
''Australia is the flavour of the month amongst the Chinese investors,'' Mr Johnstone, 41, said yesterday. ''They love property and there's plenty of money over there so they're good clients to have.''
While Chinese buyers have fuelled the top-end real estate revival, they are also courting controversy, with some local house hunters complaining they are being priced out by foreigners who have no intention of living in their new properties.
A few critics go further, arguing Chinese money is now putting upwards pressure on interest rates.
But you will not catch Mr Johnstone of J. P. Dixon complaining. He has made at least 40 per cent of sales this year to the Chinese. Other agents in the east and south-eastern suburbs have reported the same level of demand.
''We've had several buy properties sight unseen, just over the internet and phone.'' Mr Johnstone said. ''A lady from Shanghai, whose son goes to Wesley College, bought four houses in Brighton from us in two months, worth $20 million.
''They buy them to land bank, not to rent them out. The houses just sit vacant because they are after the capital growth.''
The floodgates opened on foreign investment in March when the Federal Government relaxed its rules on property ownership.
The changes made it easier for foreign companies and temporary residents, such as 12-month business visa holders, foreign students, and their parents, to invest.
Last month, Treasurer Wayne Swan announced a further relaxation of Australia's foreign investment screening to ''help boost Australia's growth''.
But the big spend-up is being fuelled by more than just Australian policy change.
Armadale entrepreneur Barry Jan, who runs property shopping tours from China to Australia, said the Communist Party had had an about-face on citizens investing their wealth overseas. ''People are investing now in case they can't get their money out later,'' he said.
Kew property adviser Monique Wakelin said many Chinese had come to see Australian property as a stable hedge against global economic tumult and the potential devaluation of the yuan.
''They are looking for avenues to protect at least part of their wealth, and A-grade Melbourne residential property fits the bill.'' The confluence of events has seen Chinese money inflating prices for top-end homes by at least 10 per cent in a matter of months, according to Boroondara agent James Connell from Marshall White.
''Chinese people have effectively kick-started our economy and underpinned all our housing values in inner Melbourne,'' he said.
Keen to cash in on the boom, Marshall White, J. P. Dixon and other big agencies such as Jellis Craig are hastily establishing connections with offshore accounts, lawyers and businessmen to funnel a stream of buyers into Melbourne.
Also in hot demand are Mandarin-speaking Melbourne real estate agents and property lawyers.
Meanwhile, Australia's largest developers - including Australand, Central Equity, Simonds, Becton - are setting up offices in China and Hong Kong to spruik off-the-plan developments.
And an industry of ''Australian property and migration'' exhibitions has burgeoned in the cities and mining towns, such as Taiyuan, attracting hundreds of people.
Yet all the evidence put forward about the property revolution is so far anecdotal because there is no measure being kept on the amount of investment by temporary residents in residential property.
The Government's March law change abolished mandatory reporting of such acquisitions in a bid to ''enhance flexibility in the market''.
What is certain is that in the past financial year before the change, foreign investment in Australian residential property increased by a third to $20.4 billion from the year before. Victoria attracted 21 per cent of that investment, according to the Foreign Investment Review Board's annual report released last month.
18 September 2009
12 September 2009
THE SILENT MAJORITY ROARS: OVER 2 MILLION MARCH ON DC AGAINST TAX AND SPEND POLICIES; STATE-CONTROLLED MEDIA REFUSE TO COVER;ADMIN OFFICIALS "SHAKEN"
Photo source: www.dailymail.co.uk
Filed by Michael Henchard.
Whenever the left collects a group of 500 misfits for one of their lunatic causes, they refer to it as a "million man march." Well, a two million person march took place in the nation's capital today as the silent majority stood up to reclaim their republic against an administration and a Congress that have borrowed, printed and spent trillions (that's right 12 zeros) of dollars. This was the tea party circa 2009. Members of the state-controlled media, Congress and administration officials are said to be shaken to the core as they witnessed these two million people from the heartland of America taking to the streets. Their mutual agenda to destroy the American republic through fiat money has been halted, at least for now.
Let this be a lesson to all inexperienced politicos: in a republic, the silent majority always exerts itself.
10 September 2009
|Bio-chemist Dr Cai Minnjie who failed to land another research position after losing his job last year now happily prowls the streets as a cabbie.|
August 29, 2009
INSIGHT: BY SEAH CHIANG NEE
SINGAPORE’S fraternity of taxi drivers, with its fair share of retrenched executives, has now an exalted new member – a PhD bio-chemist from Stanford University.
Prowling the streets of Singapore today is 57-year-old unemployed scientist Dr Cai Mingjie who lost his job at Singapore’s premier A-Star biomedical research institute last year.
The China-born naturalised citizen with 16 years of research accomplishments said he began driving a taxi last October after failed efforts to land another job.
The news shocked this nation, which holds an unshakable faith in the power of an advanced university education.
One surprised white-collar worker said he had believed that such a doctorate and experience was as good as life-long employment and success.
“If he has to drive a taxi, what chances do ordinary people like us have?” he asked.
I have met a number of highly qualified taxi drivers in recent years, including former managers and a retrenched engineer.
One cheerful driver – a former stock-broker – surprised me one day in giving me detailed reasons on what stocks to buy or avoid.
“At a time like this, the taxi business is probably the only business in Singapore that still actively recruits people,” said Dr Cai.
To me, his plight is taking Singapore into a new chapter.
“(I am) probably the only taxi driver in the world with a PhD from Stanford and a proven track record of scientific accomplishments ...,” blogged Dr Cai.
“I have been forced out of my research job at the height of my scientific career” and was unable to find another job “for reasons I can only describe as something uniquely Singapore”.
The story quickly spread far and wide over the Internet. Most Singaporeans expressed admiration for his ability to adapt so quickly to his new life. Two young Singaporeans asked for his taxi number, saying they would love to travel in his cab and talk to him.
“There’s so much he can pass on to me,” one said.
Others questioned why, despite his tremendous scientific experience, he is unable to find a teaching job.
His unhappy exit is generally attributed to a personal cause (he has alleged chaotic management by research heads) rather than any decline in Singapore’s bio-tech project, which appears to be surviving the downturn.
The case highlights a general weakening of the R and D (research and development) market in smallish Singapore.
“The bad economy means not many firms are hiring professional scientists,” one surfer said. “Academia isn’t much of a help – there’s a long history of too many PhDs chasing too few jobs.”
While the image of taxi drivers has received a tremendous boost, the same cannot be said of Singapore’s biomedical project – particularly its efforts to nourish home-grown research talent.
“It may turn more Singaporeans away from Life Sciences as a career,” said one blogger.
One writer said: “In my opinion, PhDs are useless, especially in Singapore. It’s just another certificate and doesn’t mean much.”
Another added: “The US is in a worse situation. Many are coming here to look for jobs.”
“I won’t want my child to study for years to end up driving a taxi,” said a housewife with a teenage daughter.
The naturalised Singaporean citizen underwent his PhD training at Stanford University, the majority of his work revolving around the study of yeast proteins.
His case is not unique. US research-scientist Douglas Prasher, who isolated the gene that creates the green fluorescent protein (and just missed the 2008 Chemistry Nobel Prize) faced similar straits.
Prasher moved from one research institution to another when his funding dried up, and he eventually quit science – to drive a courtesy shuttle in Alabama.
“Still, he remains humble and happy and seems content with his minivan driver job,” said a surfer.
With an evolving job market as more employers resort to multi-tasking and short-term contracts, more Singaporeans are chasing after split degrees, like accountancy and law or computer and business.
Others avoid post-graduate studies or specialised courses of a fixed discipline in favour of general or multi-discipline studies. “Experience is king” is the watchword; there has been a rush for no-pay internships.
“The future favours graduates with multiple skills and career flexibility, people who are able to adapt to different types of work,” one business executive said.
During the past few years, as globalisation deepened, there has been a growing disconnect between what Singaporeans studied in university and their subsequent careers.
It follows the trend in the developed world where old businesses disappear – almost overnight – and new ones spring up, which poses problems for graduates with an inflexible job expectation.
I know of a young man who graduated from one of America’s top civil engineering universities abandoning the construction hard hat for a teaching gown.
Another engineer I met is running his father’s lucrative coffee shop. Lawyers have become musicians or journalists, and so on.
Cases of people working in jobs unrelated to their university training have become so common that interviewers have stopped asking candidates questions like “Why should a trained scientist like you want to work as a junior executive with us?”
In the past, parents would crack their heads pondering what their children should study – accountancy or law or engineering, the so-called secure careers – and see them move single-mindedly into these professions.
A doctor was then a doctor, a biologist generally worked in the lab and a lawyer argued cases in courts – square pegs in square holes, so to speak.
Today the world is slowly moving away from this neat pattern.
o Seah Chiang Nee is a veteran journalist and editor of the information website littlespeck.com
Editor's Note: See Dr. Cai's blog here.
Flashback: New York Times Reports in July 1995 article on the oversupply of PhDs:
Supply Exceeds Demand for Ph.D.'s in Many Science Fields
By MALCOLM W. BROWNE
Published: Tuesday, July 4, 1995
THE holder of a doctoral degree in science or engineering would probably make a better taxi driver or bank teller than someone without a Ph.D. But if a newly minted doctor of science is hoping for a permanent, full-time job in his or her specialty, there is a 1-in-4 chance of being disappointed, according to a recent survey.
As if that were not bad enough news for young scientists, the authors of the report have concluded that increased government spending for scientific research, even if it were granted, would eventually make the job situation even worse.
The survey, supported in part by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and by Federal funds, was conducted by the Institute for Higher Education Research at Stanford University and the Rand Corporation, a Santa Monica, Calif., research institution with traditional ties to the Defense Department.
The study, which covered 13 science and engineering fields, 210 doctorate-granting institutions and more than 1,000 educational institutions that employ people with doctorates, was led by two economists, Dr. William F. Massy at Stanford and Dr. Charles A. Goldman at Rand, assisted by two graduate students, Marc Chun and Beryle Hsiao. They concluded that "universities in the United States are producing about 25 percent more doctorates in science and engineering fields than the United States economy can afford."
The group experimented with mathematical models designed to predict the effects of changes in conditions, and concluded that increasing government funding for scientific research would actually exacerbate the glut of Ph.D.'s in the long run.
By increasing research funding, Dr. Massy said, "the whole system will be expanding and people will get the kinds of jobs they were trained for.
"However," he adds, "as soon as you stop increasing it and go back to a steady state -- not a decrease -- all of a sudden the underemployment comes back. In fact, it comes back worse than it was before because the whole system has scaled up."
Professors whose research projects depend on cheap, competent help from a constant supply of graduate students are among the main offenders, they said, and it is time for university administrators and professors to throttle back the flow of graduate students passing through the educational system into very uncertain careers.
Surprisingly, the overproduction of Ph.D. degrees seems to be highest in computer science at present. The surplus of doctoral computer science degrees currently awarded over the number of those who get desirable jobs in their field is 50.3 percent, Dr. Massy said. (This figure does not represent an actual unemployment rate of 50.3 percent, but merely the current estimated imbalance between supply and demand.)
The job situation in other branches of science and engineering is better, the study found, but surpluses of supply over demand are still large; for example, 31.5 percent for physics, chemistry and mathematics; 26 percent for chemical engineering; 44 percent for mechanical engineering, and 23 percent for geological sciences. The survey found that demand actually exceeds current supplies of new Ph.D. holders in psychology, but Dr. Massy said the probable reason is that doctoral-level psychologists are often siphoned off into clinical jobs not included under the heading of science and engineering.
The findings of the new study closely parallel those of several recent studies by other academic and professional groups.
A task force created by the American Chemical Society and headed by Dr. David K. Lavallee, provost at City College of New York, reported in May that its preliminary findings "indicate an annual oversupply of chemistry Ph.D.'s in the work force of between 250 and 400."
The overall unemployment rate for chemists is low, only about 2.5 percent. But substantial numbers of chemists recently awarded Ph.D.'s are unable to find permanent, full-time chemical research jobs. Many therefore accept postdoctoral academic appointments as teaching or research assistants, usually for two years at a time with relatively low pay and little chance for permanent employment.
The chemical society task force calculated that if a postdoctoral appointment persisting for more than four years is considered unacceptable, 12.5 percent of recent Ph.D.'s are either unemployed or stuck in undesirable temporary jobs. If the desirable cutoff is assumed to be anything more than three years in a postdoctoral job, the percentage rises to 19.5.
To some extent, the gloomy job prospects for aspiring scientists have already affected the degree-granting institutions of the nation.
A recent report by the education and employment statistics division of the American Institute of Physics said that the number of first-year physics graduate students has dropped by 6 percent for the second consecutive year; about 2,900 students entered physics graduate programs in 1993-94, down from 3,300 in 1991-92.
Some universities have announced their intention to hold down enrollment in physics, and one, James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Va., has announced that beginning with the coming semester, it will no longer offer a physics major program at all. The contracts of the university's 10 tenured physics faculty members will be terminated in August 1996.
The outlook for young mathematicians also looks bleak. A survey by the American Mathematical Society of the 1,125 recipients of doctoral degrees in mathematics from July 1, 1990, to June 30, 1991, found "an alarming 12 percent of this population to be unemployed and seeking employment." This rate, according to Dr. Donald E. McClure, professor of applied mathematics at Brown University, was more than twice as high as for the previous year's crop of Ph.D.'s.
Holders of doctorates are not alone in facing the slump in scientific and engineering jobs. A survey by the National Science Foundation published this year concluded that the 1993 job market for recent college graduates in the sciences and engineering was significantly worse than it was in the late 1980's.
Dr. Goldman of Rand said in an interview that it had been "surprisingly difficult" to get reliable statistics on the sizes of university faculties in scientific and engineering disciplines, or on the rate at which academic positions become open, and that many sources of data had to be compared to calculate estimates.
Most science students tend to regard their professors as role models in research careers. But instead of becoming tenured faculty members like their teachers, many end up with temporary postdoctoral jobs or worse.
In a recent satirical essay published by the journal Nature, the British physicist and humorist David Jones chided television programs that "take up science on the absurd pretense that science is fun."
"In fact," he wrote, "there is no demand for scientists, as shown by their low salaries and dismal career prospects." Dr. Jones's tongue-in-cheek advice was to have a student float stock to pay for his studies, and let market forces shape his career.
"Suppose he wants to study physics," Dr. Jones wrote. "If the market feels him to be a rotten physicist, or reckons there are too many physicists already, he will find it hard to raise capital. His shareholders will steer him toward classics, advertising studies or wherever they see the best future returns."
Dr. Massy took a more sober view. Asked what he would advise children of his own who might be considering earning Ph.D. degrees in science, Dr. Massy replied: "I'd tell them, first of all, that they should not expect, as a matter of course, to be able to replicate the kinds of careers that their mentors have had, or that I have had. The job market is just too competitive to have any expectation of that. They might be very fortunate and achieve it, but the odds are against it.
"Having said that, if they have a true, deep and abiding interest in research, they certainly could give it a try," he added. "It's a wonderful career, if you achieve success. And if you have a deep interest in teaching, as some doctoral students do, this might not be a bad time, if they select their institution carefully.
"I think there will be renewed interest in the profession of teaching as opposed to the profession of research," Dr. Massey said.
04 September 2009
By Bian-lian Huang.
On October 1, 1999, the People's Republic of China celebrated its 50th National Day with a large and impressive military parade on the grounds of Tiananmen Square. I still recall with goose bumps then-President Jiang Zemin riding in an open-top military jeep inspecting and saluting the People's Liberation Army (Renmin Jiefang Jun). Military hardware including missiles, tanks and fighter jets were on parade. These images were broadcast all over the world.
It was the first visual sign of China's re-emergence as a global power. Ten years on, as the People's Republic of China prepares to mark the 60th anniversary of the country's Liberation, we look forward to seeing an even greater display of wealth and power. Over the last ten years, China's gross domestic product (GDP) has almost doubled, and its military might is now indisputable.
If the 1999 celebration was the first concrete, visual sign of China's prowess as a global power, then the visuals coming out of the 2009 parade shall leave an indelible mark on the world -- that China has stood up. Qi Lai!
02 September 2009
Column: Abroad View
Now might be a good time for China to push its currency, the yuan, as a global currency. It has US$2 trillion in reserves in the United States, making the powerful nation its debtor. It also has a list of other debtors that includes Europe. China holds all the cards to be a powerful global power.
The United States and Europe have dug their own graves with their financial excesses, an emphasis on globalization and an unnecessary war in Iraq. If it pushed hard, China could make the yuan the gobal currency.
While the United States and Europe were busy showing off their wealth and power for the last 20 years, China was taking away all the Western world’s manufacturing. This resulted in the West importing everything from socks to desktops from China – which imported next to nothing.
When the United States and Europe were struck by the financial meltdown in 2008, they turned to China for cash.
China’s trade surplus rose from a mere US$18 billion in 1999 to a staggering US$297 billion in 2008, thanks to its low-value currency. Its trade has made China the world’s manufacturing giant and its strong cash reserves have given it power to manipulate world opinion.
In 2007 China hinted at its intention to promote the yuan as an alternate reserve currency. And at last month’s G-8 Summit in Italy China pushed for enhanced status for the yuan. While Russia endorsed the idea, there was lukewarm support from both India and Brazil.
Although high-ranking U.S. government officials have visited Beijing to discuss the issue, President Barack Obama’s administration has been more engaged with domestic issues like the recession and rising unemployment than Beijing’s ambition to promote its currency.
Due to the global recession, the gross domestic product of the West is predicted to drop by 3 to 4 percent. In comparison, although China’s GDP has also been hit by the recession, its manufacturing sector and US$2 trillion in cash reserves – mostly loaned out to other countries –place it in a commanding position. China’s growing military might also places it in a more dominant position in the world.
The next two years will be a period of “rest and recovery” for the United States and other world economies. Although China has suffered on the export front, its economy is still humming at the rate of 6-7 percent annually. It has put its unemployed to work with its own version of a stimulus package, and surplus goods that could not be exported have been diverted for local consumption.
Since the end of World War II the West has been arrogant and overconfident. Western countries have ignored talk of reducing the role of the dollar and giving a greater role to the yuan or any other currency. But with almost all Anglo-Saxon economies in bad shape, they may have no choice.
China recently signed currency swap deals – in which dues are settled in yuan instead of the U.S. dollar – with Indonesia, Malaysia, South Korea, Brazil and Russia. These countries support the idea of reducing the U.S. dollar’s dominance in world finance and business. This is the first in a series of steps China plans to upgrade the yuan and make it fully convertible in global financial markets.
The rise of the dollar was Europe’s gift to the new world after World Wars I and II. Until then the British pound was the world currency for trade, commerce and international transactions. When the British position began to erode after the wars, the United States outmaneuvered Britain into transferring international banking transactions to the United States. As a result its military power began to grow by leaps and bounds.
Then came the Cold War. Europe submitted to U.S. machinations and yielded all power. The value of the dollar rose and it maintained its lofty position until about 1990, with massive U.S. government support. The whole world recognized it and every nation, including oil producers, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, India and China, began maintaining U.S. dollar accounts.
Then China emerged on the world economic stage. The United States did not anticipate that China would take away its entire manufacturing sector in such a short time. Initially, the United States transferred its labor-intensive smokestack manufacturing to China. But once the floodgates opened, there was no stopping China.
U.S. President Bill Clinton assisted this process, calling it prosperity. Unfortunately that was only on paper, with financial gains in stocks, bonds and other speculative markets proving worthless in 2008.
Next, after the 9/11 terror attacks former President George W. Bush’s administration got busy fighting wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, putting the economy into a low-priority lane. The country’s surplus cash – which actually belonged to oil producers, China, India and Japan – was made available to domestic consumers by way of cut-rate mortgages. Within eight years post-9/11, the U.S. economy and its mighty dollar suffered catastrophic losses.
Now China is in a position to take the yuan to the world stage, similar to the U.S. dollar. When the yuan becomes fully convertible it will move into the world league.
However, there is an inherent weakness in the Chinese economy that may muddy the water. Its exports depend on the goodwill of the West. If those markets close, China’s economy could fall flat. The rest of the world cannot absorb Chinese exports the way the United States does. Also, the West may opt to rebuild and redevelop its manufacturing base, like India, Indonesia and Brazil, which will be a big setback for the yuan. Although China may resist such moves, this would not help its cause in the face of a determined effort by the West.
Chinese exports have benefited from the low value of the yuan, which has not been revalued in the last ten years to reflect the current status of China’s economy. If it is revalued upward by 15 to 20 percent, then 30 percent of Chinese exports will become pricey. Demand will drop and so will exports.
In such a scenario, other countries may step in to fill the void. India is in line, with massive cash at its disposal; it had US$40 billion from foreign direct investment and foreign institutional investors, and another US$40 billion in remittances from abroad in 2008. India could build a manufacturing base as fast as China did in the last 20 years. There is only one drawback in this scenario: the West has not fully realized the implications of China’s moves.
China will eventually move to displace the dollar and replace it with the yuan as the world currency. Such a move could deal a painful blow to the United States unless it starts moving manufacturing back from China and revisits the yuan-dollar relationship.
(Hari Sud is a retired vice president of C-I-L Inc., a former investment strategies analyst and international relations manager. A graduate of Punjab University and the University of Missouri, he has lived in Canada for the past 34 years. ©Copyright Hari Sud.)
Dates, the desert fruit that traditionally break Muslims' day-long fast during Ramadan, were at the top of the White House menu last night as President Obama hosted a dinner honoring Islam's American believers during their faith's holiest month. (There was also organic chicken, potato and leek puree and late summer peas, followed by sorbet and cookies. "I am sure it will be good," Obama assured his guests before diving in.)
Obama is shown here welcoming Bilqis Abdul-Qaadir, a University of Memphis student who, the president noted in his remarks "broke Rebecca Lobo's record for the most points scored by any high school basketball player in Massachusetts history." You can read more about Bilquis' sports feats on USA TODAY's high school sports blog.
Other guests whom Obama singled out included Nashala Hearn, who won a lawsuit against her Oklahoma school district for the right to wear a hijab, Muslim women's traditional head covering, and Elsheba Khan, whose son, Kareem, joined the military out of high school and was killed in Iraq.
"The contributions of Muslims to the United States are too long to catalog because Muslims are so interwoven into the fabric of our communities and our country," Obama said. "American Muslims are successful in business and entertainment; in the arts and athletics; in science and in medicine. Above all, they are successful parents, good neighbors, and active citizens."
Guests at the dinner included the U.S. Congress' first two Muslim members: Reps. Keith Ellison, D-Minn., and Andre Carson, D-Ind., ambassadors of a number of Muslim nations and many top-ranking U.S. government officials, including Attorney General Eric Holder, Defense Secretary Robert Gates, and Indiana's Sen. Richard Lugar, the top-ranking Republican on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
Also among the invitees were members of the president's ecumenical Council on Faith-Based and Community Partnerships: Rabbi David Saperstein of the Religious Action Center for Reform Judaism; Eboo Patel of the Interfaith Youth Core out of the president's hometown of Chicago; and Joel Hunter, the pastor of an evangelical mega-congregation in central Florida.
Obama also acknowledged an absent invitee, the boxing Olympian who is perhaps the nation's most famous convert to Islam. Here's what the president said:
While Muhammad Ali could not join us tonight, it is worth reflecting upon his remarkable contributions, as he's grown from an unmatched fighter in the ring to a man of quiet dignity and grace who continues to fight for what he believes -- and that includes the notion that people of all faiths holds things in common. I love this quote. A few years ago, he explained this view -- and this is part of why he's The Greatest -- saying, "Rivers, ponds, lakes and streams -- they all have different names, but they all contain water. Just as religions do -- they all contain truths."
28 August 2009
23 August 2009
The british government's release of the convicted Pan-Am Lockerbie bomber, who in one instance killed over 270 American men, women and children in 1988, under the guise of putative Scottish autonomy is nothing less than TREACHERY. I wish to remind our pasty white british "friends" that it was the USA who bailed them out of trouble during WWII, and it will be the same Yanks who will bail them out of future difficulties.
This weblog has been very friendly toward small britain over the years, but this decision on the part of the Labour government to hurt the American people is inexcusable.
21 August 2009
Again and again, during the 2008 presidential campaign, the MSM told us that Barack Obama was the second coming of Christ, that he had messianic appeal, that he was the smartest man alive, that he was the greatest orator since Ronald Reagan, that...
Yesterday, the Messiah coolly stated, at a Democratic Party function, that Americans are "all 'wee weed' up" about health care reform. "Wee wee?" You've got to be kidding. How unpresidential! How uncouth!
Again, we ask, is this the putatively flawless orator from the ghetto?
07 August 2009
When I was an undergraduate at an elite SoCal University, I took an enjoyable class with a leftist professor who was the epitome of arrogance. I learned then that the good folks on the left have a proclivity for arrogance and elitism, notwithstanding their frequent refrain about supporting the common man.
The current debate on the Messiah's health care reform, which, to borrow a phrase from Rush Limbaugh, the state-run media have basically refused to cover, underscores this arrogance. When the common folks come out to question -- at times vociferously -- their elected representatives about the details of the proposed bill, the Left calls them Nazi, and in the word of one Democratic Representative, "un-American." And in the case of the putative Senator Diane Feinstein of California, the police was called out to rough up senior citizens who dared to raise questions and sought clarification on the proposed health care reform bill.
One wonders who is using Gestapo tactics on whom...
24 July 2009
19 July 2009
His name is Ryan Higa from Hawaii. This kid has become a YouTube sensation with a large following. While his comedy antics are not original, they are fresh, relatively inoffensive, and quite clever. The kid's good looks and charm don't hurt either...
By Eamon JaversOf all the statistics pouring into the White House every day, top economic adviser Larry Summers highlighted one Friday to make his case that the economic free-fall has ended.
The number of people searching for the term “economic depression” on Google is down to normal levels, Summers said.
Searches for the term were up four-fold when the recession deepened in the earlier part of the year, and the recent shift goes to show consumer confidence is higher, Summers told the Peterson Institute for International Economics.
Summers continued the administration’s push-back against critics of President Barack Obama’s handling of the recession, defending the economic stimulus package against Republicans who have tried to paint the program as a failure because it hasn’t stemmed the unemployment rate.
“We pledged at the time the Recovery Act became law that some of the spending and tax effects would begin almost immediately.,” Summers said in prepared remarks. “We also noted that the impact of the Recovery Act would build up over time, peaking during 2010 with about 70 percent of the total stimulus provided in the first 18 months. Now, five months after the passage, we are on track to meet that timeline. “
Summers rattled off a list of accomplishments of the stimulus package:
“More than $43 billion in immediate tax relief has reached households and businesses. Another $64 billion has been channeled into the economy through aid to state and local governments, expansions in social programs, and spending on education, housing, and transportation projects. In addition to the amount that has already been paid out, another $120 billion in spending has been obligated by the federal government and is on track to begin working its way into the economy.”
09 July 2009
08 July 2009
URUMQI, China – Thousands of Chinese troops flooded into this city Wednesday to separate feuding ethnic groups after three days of communal violence left 156 people dead, and a senior Communist Party official vowed to execute those guilty of murder in the rioting in western China.
Long convoys of armored cars and green troop trucks with riot police rumbled through Urumqi, a city of 2.3 million people. Other security forces carrying automatic rifles with bayonets formed cordons to defend Muslim neighborhoods from marauding groups of vigilantes with sticks.
Military helicopters buzzed over Xinjiang's regional capital, dropping pamphlets urging people to stay in their homes and stop fighting. Special police from other provinces were called in to patrol the city.
The crisis was so severe that President Hu Jintao cut short a trip to Italy, where he was to participate in a Group of Eight summit. It was an embarrassing move for a leader who wants to show that China has a harmonious society as it prepares to celebrate the 60th anniversary of Communist rule.
The heightened security came amid the worst spasm of ethnic violence in decades in Xinjiang — a sprawling, oil-rich territory that borders Pakistan, Afghanistan and other Central Asian countries. The region is home to the Uighur ethnic minority, who rioted Sunday and attacked the Han Chinese — the nation's biggest ethnic group — after holding a protest that was ended by police.
Officials have said 156 people were killed as the Turkic-speaking Uighurs ran amok in the city, beating and stabbing the Han Chinese. The Uighurs allege that trigger-happy security forces gunned down many of the protesters, and officials have yet to give an ethnic breakdown of those killed.
In Rome, a Germany-based Uighur leader, Erkin Alptekin, told The Associated Press that "our countrymen in China" reported that 600-800 Uighurs were killed in the past few days and 3,000 were arrested.
"We were told (by fellow Uighurs) that 140 were dead on the spot" on Sunday and that their bodies were tossed into trucks and taken away by Chinese security forces, said Alptekin, who briefed the human rights commission in the Italian parliament.
"When the Uighurs heard the people were fired upon, parents all came out looking for their sons and daughters," he said, adding that security forces started to "disperse them by force, then started to beat them, tear gas them and shoot them."
His account could not be independently confirmed.
More than 1,100 people were wounded in the violence. Dr. Yuan Hong of Urumqi People's Hospital said most of the people treated at his facility were clubbed, while others had been cut by knives.
Li Zhi, the highest-ranking Communist Party official in Urumqi, told reporters that some of the rioters were university students who were misled and didn't understand what they were doing. They would be treated leniently, he said, as long as they weren't involved in serious acts of violence and vandalism.
But Li added: "To those who committed crimes with cruel means, we will execute them."
He also repeated allegations that the riot was whipped up by U.S.-exiled Uighur activist Rebiya Kadeer and her overseas supporters. "They're afraid to see our economic prosperity. They're afraid to see our ethnic unity and the people living a stable, prosperous life," he said.
Kadeer has denied masterminding the violence, and many Uighurs laughed off the notion that they were puppets of groups abroad.
"Not even a 3-year-old would believe that Rebiya stirred this up. It's ridiculous," said a shopkeeper who only identified himself as Ahmet. Like other Uighurs, he declined to give his full name because he feared the police would detain him.
Ahmet was quick to rattle off a long list of grievances commonly mentioned by Uighurs. He accused the Han Chinese of discrimination and alleged that government policies were forcing them to abandon their culture, language and Islamic faith.
"After all this rioting, I'm still filled with hatred. I'm not afraid of the Han Chinese," Ahmet said.
His neighborhood in southern Urumqi was targeted by mobs of Han Chinese who roamed the capital Tuesday seeking revenge. Ahmet's friends had video shot by mobile phones and cameras that showed the stick-wielding Han men beating Uighurs. He pointed to blood stains on a white concrete apartment wall, where he said a Uighur was severely stabbed.
A Uighur college student who called herself Parizat added, "The men were carrying a Chinese flag. I never thought something like this would happen. We're all Chinese citizens."
The Uighurs accused paramilitary police of allowing the Han Chinese to attack their neighbors. But in the video, the troops appeared to be trying to block or restrain the mobs.
On Wednesday, the government warned residents against carrying weapons on the street, and most people generally complied. But there were groups of Han Chinese who tried to find soft spots in police cordons and rush into Uighur neighborhoods.
One such failed attempt sent a wave of terror and panic through the biggest Uighur neighborhood, Er Dao Qiao.
When someone yelled, "The Han are coming!" children scampered indoors and women ran shrieking through a backstreet market with carts of watermelons, shops selling cold soft drinks and smoky grills with sizzling lamb kebabs.
Within seconds, the men armed themselves with spears stashed behind doors and under market stands. The weapons were long poles with knives and meat cleavers tied to the ends. Piles of rocks were placed across the street for ammunition.
One Uighur graduate student who called himself Memet greeted a foreign reporter in English by saying, "Welcome to the jungle!"
"I think the Uighur people lately are kind of happy. You can see it in their eyes, a bit of happiness. We've spoken up. People know we exist now," he said.
The ethnic hatred in Xinjiang appears to run so deep that many Uighurs won't express sorrow for the Han Chinese who were attacked Sunday.
One of them was Dong Yuanyuan, 24, a newlywed who said she was on a bus with her husband getting ready to leave on their honeymoon. She said Uighur attackers dragged them off the bus and beat them until they were unconscious. Her husband was still missing, said the woman, who had abrasions on her face, arms and knees.
"My aunts have been going to all the hospitals to search for him. He must still be unconscious," she told reporters who joined a government tour at the People's Hospital.
Abdul Rehim, a Uighur with his left arm in a sling, said he was walking with his brother when a group of Han Chinese "just came out and did this to me."
Another victim was Ma Weihong, who said she was walking home from a park with her 10-year-old son when the riot started. The boy suffered minor injuries, but the mother had a broken arm and wrist, missing teeth and head wounds.
"The stores all closed up and we tried to run for home," she said. "That is when they caught us. We couldn't get away."
04 July 2009
Ok. So we haven't really featured a lot of Anglo beauties on the Fairbank Report. It's hard for Anglo women to compete with the Asian ladies when it comes to beauty. But Miss Megan Fox (recently of Transformers fame) comes mighty close.
Since January, the United States has seen 2 million jobs vanished into thin air. Whither Mr. Obama's stimulus plan?
27 June 2009
20 June 2009
At four feet, six inches, the putative senator from the putatively golden state is perhaps the shortest thing to have sat in the United States Senate. So it's no wonder that she publicly demonstrated her Napoleonic complex -- a sense of inferiority resulting in self-hate arising out of short stature -- against a general in the armed forces of the United States of America. Madam Boxer chided the general for referring to her as "Mam" in a Senate hearing. Last I checked, "mam" and "sir" are terms of respect frequently used -- in fact ingrained -- in the military. Even as a civilian, I use these terms all the time in addressing my customers -- even the ones with the toothless grins, who are clearly beneath my intellectual and socio-economic standing.
Madam Boxer publicly yelled at the general because she's insecure about her short stature. Insecure people often lash out against people of strength and power if they are in the position to do so, as in this case of Madam Boxer. This short but girthy thing really needs therapy.
Moreover, the putative senator is a Marin County illiberal, and as we all know too well, illiberals despise the military. There were many instances in San Francisco, in the early 2000s, of illiberals' holding impromptu parties celebrating the beheading of US servicemen.
This incident involving Madam Boxer further underscores the thesis that illiberals are the meanest people in the world, notwithstanding their knee-jerk mantra of "doing it for the children."
How prescient we were when we named Madam Boxer (she prefers it pronounced "Boo-Cher") one of the "'hos of state" in 2006.
-- Jonathan Fairbank, Editor-in-Chief
15 June 2009
I have tried whispering over the phone, but my conversation partners almost always could not understand me. How do these fat, lazy government bureaucrats do it?!! I swear there was this one black woman who would whisper-talk over the phone for hours, and I could not make out what the heck she talked about -- not even one sentence. The ways of the bureaucrats!
07 June 2009
Education under scrutiny: Poor scores on basic skills test cited
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Poor math scores on the Utah Basic Skills Competency Test is just one more reason why the state should be doing Singapore math, said Sen. Howard Stephenson, R-Draper.
"I believe we need to give incentives for schools and school districts to improve math instruction," Stephenson told the Deseret News, shortly after the State Office of Education announced UBSCT scores Friday.
Stephenson chaired the task force that resulted in legislation to require the state education office to create the test.
A total 82 percent of the class of 2009 passed all three segments of the test. Students must pass the test before graduation or face receiving a diploma which indicates they did not pass the exam. Starting in February of their sophomore year, students have five chances to pass all three categories of the test: reading, writing and math.
Statewide, 92 percent of students passed in reading; 89 percent passed in writing; and 85 percent passed in math.
Stephenson said he or another lawmaker will resurrect a Singapore math bill, which didn't make it through the 2009 legislative session. The bill would have allowed a few schools to apply for a grant to launch Singapore math, a method in which students learn mastery of core concepts and then move on to solving problems by applying that knowledge. The curriculum is extremely visual and involves word problems.
In southeast Asia's Singapore, students consistently test No. 1 internationally in math.
There were definitely "significant roadblocks" in the state test scores due to lack of math skills, said John Jesse, director of assessment for the state office of education. Nearly 6 percent of the students didn't pass the test fell short because of their inability to clear the math segment.
"The message is clear," he said.
Regarding the overall 82 percent of students passing the test, Jesse said, "it seems good and it is good — unless your student, or you, are one of the 18 percent that didn't pass."
The number is up 80 percent from the class of 2008.
Garfield School District had a 100 percent pass rate this year, due to continuous student preparation in language arts and math, starting in the seventh grade, since 2005.
"We're ecstatic. The students worked hard to get there," Vicki Ahlstrom told the Deseret News on Friday. She is a Garfield district testing coordinator. The district has an enrollment of 911 students, with 99 seniors.
Statewide, the class of 2010 is already off to a great start with the test. A total of 78 percent have already passed all three categories of the test. A total of 66 percent of the class of 2011 have passed all of the exam.
Test data revealed differences in scores due to demographics.
Eighty percent of female students passed the test, while 76 percent of male students passed. Boys and girls did about the same on math, with girls scoring less than a percentage point higher. Female students scored 4 percent higher than male students in reading, and 9 percent higher than boys in writing.
A total 82 percent of Asian students passed the test, while 49 percent of Hispanic students passed. A total of 83 percent of Caucasian students passed.
For more information, go to www.schools.utah.gov/PR/UBSCT_2009.pdf.